The balance between matter and antimatter
Why is the world we observe done mostly of matter with only traces of anti-matter?
Where is all the antimatter gone?
Or was there an imbalanced generation of more matter as opposed to antimatter?
This and other fundamental questions are being probed in the most expensive science experiment of all times, the Large Hadron Collider.
As for the answer to question number 3 and the apparent unbalance between matter and antimatter, it looks very much like there is no unbalance after all.
Equal amounts of matter and antimatter are statistically generated in pairs, but then where is all the antimatter gone?
Quite simply it is still out there, condensing into galaxies made of antimatter and also populated of life made of anti-cells and anti-molecules.
However, these galaxies are somewhat hard to detect, in the sense that the light emitted by them has a negative coefficient of refraction so you need to use concave lenses to be able to focus the anti-light on your sensor.
Another interesting point is that anti light has negative energy value, so a galaxy of anti-matter will shine a dark (cold) dot on your picture as opposed to normal light generating a positive energy bright spot on your camera sensor.
There are instances in which near Earth objects have been detected through Santilli’s telescopes whose light has negative coefficient of refraction (so not detectable with naked eye or conventional telescopes), but have positive energy content (bright spot on the camera sensor). Could this be the effect of some sort of cloaking device?
The death of dark energy and dark matter
As far as we can tell, equal amounts of matter and anti-matter coexist quietly into the universe both hiding from each other unless you use Santili’s telescopes featuring concave lenses.
Another relevant fact about galaxies made of antimatter is that their gravity is attractive to likewise galaxies also made of antimatter, but it is repulsive to normal matter and galaxies made of matter.
This causes an entire new vista on the cosmological model taught so far, as the universe is now cast into a dynamic equilibrium of matter and antimatter, with galaxies made of normal matter (or anti-matter) trying to collapse back unto themselves because of the action of attractive gravity pulls, but this collapse is countered by the presence of galaxies made of anti-matter (or matter) trying to push these galaxies further apart.
Then the universe is in a dynamic equilibrium or dance of galaxies made of matter and antimatter, with the gravitational influence of antimatter galaxies being the balancing term of the equation without the need to add complicate theories about dark matter and dark energy whose existence is required to balance flawed astrological models.
The Tunguska event
As per earlier matter and anti-matter repel each other gravitationally and try to stay away from each other as much as possible, at least in their electrically neutral and balanced form.
So even if an asteroid made of anti-matter is flung toward Earth, the gravitational “anti-pull” of our planet will swerve the trajectory of said body away from Earth.
However, if the trajectory of the anti-asteroid is particularly well centered and the kinetic energy sufficiently high then not even the gravitational anti pull of the Earth will be able to swerve the trajectory hard enough to avoid the collision.
As soon as the anti-asteroid enters the upper atmosphere, the contact between the anti-asteroid atoms and the air atoms and molecules of our atmosphere will cause a sudden “nuclear evaporation” of said atoms into gamma rays, so it will appear like an extremely bright and hot object falling through the sky.
The heat radiated from said object could be as high a to set forests or buildings on fire hundreds of mile apart!
As the anti-asteroid progresses through the air it loses more and more of its mass into light radiation, however a relevant quantity of its original anti mass might still make its way to the Earth surface and the impact of anti-matter against a massive quantity of densely packed matter (Earth rock and soil).
When this happens the conversion of matter and anti-matter into light will be so intense and rapid to appear like a thermonuclear bomb, which is most likely what happened in Tunguska back in 1908.
What about the red shift of the expanding universe model?
The light coming from faraway galaxies is more redshifted than the light coming from nearby galaxies, so one explanation about this is that more distant galaxies are travelling away from us with much greater speed than closer nearby galaxies thus suggesting a universe exponentially expanding its fringes to infinitum.
Another possibility explaining the red shift of faraway galaxies is quite simply that light naturally red shifts as it travels through solid or semi solid/gaseous media also known as the tired light theory.
Energy from the photon is lost by the travelling light as it passes through the quasi-empty cosmic void made of extremely rarified gasses and particles.
This also explains why the light coming from the center of galaxies is much more redshifted than the light captured from the edge of said galaxies, without the need to add all sorts of dark matter and relativistic patches to try fit the experimental data.
The universe is expanding (slowly) after all
Where is the mass or anti mass in the universe coming from and where is it going?
The total universe mass, anti-mass, radiation, anti-radiation, etc (total ABSOLUTE energy and anti-energy) is continuously increasing.
This process of energy addition into the universe happens naturally during supernova explosions through complicate mechanisms and non-linearities implied by the hadron mechanic which do not rely on potential like forces only (no free energy lunch allowed), but also considers the presence of contact type forces between finite spherical particles capable of introducing non-linearities and asymmetries within the force fields.
At proper pressures the atomic distances are short enough to trigger a runaway energy transfer from the underlying aeteric substrate, thus pouring fresh energy at the core of said supernovae event and causing the Universe to be an open system where new fresh energy is added during special events.
This extra energy eventually allows for the formation of heavier elements and the dispersion of the same within clouds of gasses between interstellar spaces. These gasses then constitute the raw materials for the formation of more complex structures, heavier planetary bodies, complex life and so forth.
Every time one such explosion happens, whether in a galaxy made of matter and anti-matter, energy (or anti energy) is leaked into existence within the otherwise isolated universe.
This relentless net energy balance causes a constant addition of energy (mass) into existence through these galactic phenomena, and because of the matter/antimatter gravitational equilibrium described above we have the picture of a universe constantly expanding its radius of existence, its total quantity of planets, galaxies, life, etc.
If this is indeed the case then where did the first initial charge of energy/mass (anti energy/anti mass) came from and how was the early universe made into existence?
This is a question to be answered by other people at other times.
Small scale hadronic reactions
One of the greatest achievement of our times might well be the technological harnessing of said hadronic energies in a controlled way and with it the capability of producing unlimited energy through free energy machines effectively voiding the first principle of thermodynamic which will remain effective for all these systems and phenomena where hadronic type interactions are not relevant.